Israel-Gaza: Will different international locations get dragged in? We reply your questions

The world continues to be reeling from the unprecedent assault by Hamas gunmen on 7 October, and the following retaliatory strikes by Israel and anticipated land invasion into the Gaza Strip.

We’ve obtained tons of of your questions in regards to the battle, its impression and the place it might finish, with many individuals asking if different international locations will become involved within the warfare.

Our correspondents, many at present within the area, have answered among the most continuously requested questions under.


May this result in World Battle Three?

USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) in the Ionian Sea
The US moved the world’s largest plane provider, the Gerald R Ford, nearer to Israel

Craig Johnson in Skelmersdale, UK asks: If Iran will get instantly concerned within the battle, would that immediate the US and its allies to instantly be a part of the warfare? And will this result in a 3rd world warfare?

Jeremy Bowen, our worldwide editor, reporting from southern Israel, says:

When requested about the potential for intervention by Iran or its Lebanese ally Hezbollah, Joe Biden stated: “Do not.”

The People simply deployed two plane provider battle teams to the japanese Mediterranean to ship a really agency message to Iran to remain out.

They’re saying that if anybody intervenes, they’ll have American navy would possibly to reckon with, not simply Israel’s.

One of many main fault traces within the Center East runs between the US and its allies, and the Iranians and theirs.

Each side are conscious of the dangers. If it went from a chilly to a scorching warfare it might ignite a Center East conflagration of world significance.


What’s Israel’s goal?

Luciano Sisi within the Scottish Borders asks: What’s Israel’s total goal with the anticipated floor warfare?

Lyse Doucet, our chief worldwide correspondent, in southern Israel says:

In previous wars, Israel vowed to “hit Hamas laborious”, to destroy its capability to fireplace rockets into Israel – together with its huge internet of subterranean tunnels.

This time is completely different. Israel is vowing “to destroy Hamas” – an organisation it says must be obliterated, just like the Islamic State group.

Israel has the navy would possibly to smash Hamas’s infrastructure, crush its tunnels, and cripple its command and management networks.

However it’s not clear how a lot Israel is aware of about what awaits in Gaza. Hamas’s navy prowess, together with an astonishingly granular understanding of Israeli safety that enabled it to outsmart its formidable defences, has shocked Israelis.

Hamas is more likely to possess the identical sophistication when it confronts what it is aware of shall be a ferocious Israeli response.

sraeli soldiers with armoured fighting vehicles at an area along the border with Gaza

And in contrast to the Islamic State group, Hamas can be a political and social organisation embedded in Palestinian society.

A navy onslaught can destroy its steel and concrete however not the mettle of the individuals whose resolve to die for his or her trigger will solely harden.


What was Hamas’s aim with their assault?

Andrew Parker within the UK asks: What was the aim of the preliminary Hamas assault?

Frank Gardner, our safety correspondent, tells us:

The rationale given on the time by Hamas’s spokesman Mohammed Al-Deif was that “sufficient is sufficient”.

The assault, he stated, was in response to what Hamas known as fixed provocations and humiliations suffered by Palestinians by the hands of Israelis in each Gaza and the West Financial institution.

Analysts imagine there might have been different, undeclared causes.

Earlier than the assault, Israel and Saudi Arabia have been effectively on the best way to normalising ties.

This was opposed by each Hamas and its backer, Iran. The Saudis have now suspended these talks.

However there can have been extra to it than that.

Hamas’s management can have observed the sharp divisions in Israeli society attributable to judicial reforms launched by the right-wing authorities of Benjamin Netanyahu.

They aimed to deal Israel a painful blow – and in that they succeeded.


Extra on Israel Gaza warfare

  • Observe dwell: Newest updates
  • Defined: What is going on on in Gaza and Israel, and why now?
  • Historical past behind the story: The Israel-Palestinian battle
  • Inside Gaza: A metropolis with 1,000,000 mouths to feed
  • Hamas’ assault on Israel: Who’re the hostages taken from Israel?

Why is Egypt maintaining the crossing closed?

Diana within the UK, who asks: Muslims communicate of the household and brotherhood of Islam. How can Muslims in Egypt justify maintaining their border with Gaza closed?

Jeremy Bowen, our worldwide editor, reporting from southern Israel says:

Islam is a religion but it surely does not essentially transcend the politics of nationwide safety.

I am sure hundreds of thousands of Egyptian Muslims need to alleviate the struggling of civilians in Gaza.

However the Egyptian authorities, even at quiet instances, doesn’t permit routine entry from Gaza by the Rafah crossing. Egypt has been the junior companion in earlier variations of Israel’s siege of Gaza ever since Hamas took over there in 2007.

Hamas has its roots within the Muslim Brotherhood, an organisation based in Egypt a century in the past. The Brotherhood desires to reshape states and society in keeping with Islamic instructing and perception.

The Egyptian navy opposes that need. It overthrew an elected Muslim president in 2013.

Egypt’s present regime has relations with Hamas, and has prior to now been the hyperlink between Hamas and Israel. However it doesn’t need an inflow of Palestinian refugees.

The camps in Gaza nonetheless exist 75 years after they have been established to deal with refugees – compelled out by newly unbiased Israel – who’ve by no means been allowed house.


Has Hamas dedicated a warfare crime?

Simon within the UK asks: The world issued a world arrest warrant towards Putin. Why has there not been the identical response towards Hamas management? Was this not a warfare crime on a large scale?

Paul Adams, our world affairs correspondent solutions:

Israel didn’t contemplate itself at warfare with Hamas earlier than 7 October, regardless of earlier rounds of battle stretching again a few years.

For Israel, this was an act of terrorism, not warfare.

Benjamin Netanyahu’s authorities is pursuing justice in its personal approach and has already killed at the least two Hamas commanders it regards as liable for the massacres.

It’ll probably try and kill many extra.

Questions might come up in regards to the organisation’s political management – which lives in Qatar and Lebanon – who, some say, have been unaware of the navy wing’s plans to assault inside Israel.


Why is the UN not intervening on air strikes?

Sadul Hoque from London asks: If everybody has agreed that Israel has been killing civilians and can kill much more in these new strikes, why are the UN and different international locations not intervening?

James Landale, our diplomatic correspondent offers this reply:

The primary cause why many international locations aren’t urging Israel to cease its airstrikes is as a result of they settle for the nation has been attacked by Hamas and has a proper to defend itself.

The place they’re urging restraint is about how Israel defends itself.

UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak stated this morning: “I’ve raised with the Israeli prime minister the necessity to minimise the impression on civilians as greatest we are able to.”

The United Nations too has urged Israel to keep away from civilian casualties.

The UN Secretary Common Antonio Guterres stated a number of days in the past: “Worldwide humanitarian legislation and human rights legislation should be revered and upheld; civilians should be protected and in addition by no means used as shields.”

Palestinians search for victims and survivors in the rubble of Al-Naqeeb family house leveled in an Israeli airstrike in Al Nusairat, central Gaza Strip, 16 October 2023

Israel insists its warplanes and artillery are placing Hamas targets in Gaza. However many civilians are certainly being killed and injured in these strikes.

Palestinians say that’s as a result of the Israeli strikes are extreme and indiscriminate. Israel says it’s as a result of Hamas makes use of civilians as human shields.


How did Israel not learn about Hamas’s assault?

An nameless reader asks: How is it attainable that the Israeli navy have sufficient intelligence and surveillance to know precisely the place Hamas is stationed in Gaza, but it surely did not know Hamas have been going to assault Israel or see any warning indicators of the assault?

Yolande Knell, our Center East correspondent, in Jerusalem, says:

Prior to now, Israel’s navy has opened up its management centre for surveillance of Gaza to journalists, and it is clear that it has glorious real-time details about actions on the bottom from drones and different cameras.

It additionally has an unlimited community of informants.

We noticed in Could’s preventing with Islamic Jihad simply how correct Israel’s info on the whereabouts of main militants could possibly be.

In briefings, Israeli navy officers settle for there have been main intelligence and safety failings with regards to the unprecedented, lethal assault by Hamas.

Nonetheless, we are able to depend on the truth that it has an correct, lengthy record of Hamas targets that it’s going to go after as quickly because it will get boots on the bottom.


How does Hezbollah evaluate to Hamas?

Additional north from the Gaza Strip, tensions are rising between Lebanon and Israel. One reader desires to know: If Lebanon will get concerned, how huge a drive is Hezbollah in comparison with Hamas?

Hugo Bachega, reporting from southern Lebanon, says:

Hezbollah – a Lebanese navy, political, and social motion – has lengthy been seen by Israel as a extra formidable drive than Hamas.

The closely armed Iranian-backed group has an estimated 130,000 rockets and missiles, in line with the Middle for Strategic and Worldwide Research.

Most of this arsenal is made up of small, man-portable and unguided surface-to-surface artillery rockets.

However it additionally contains anti-aircraft and anti-ship missiles, in addition to guided missiles able to placing deep inside Israel.

That is far more subtle than what Hamas has at its disposal.

Hezbollah’s chief has claimed to have 100,000 fighters, though unbiased estimates range between 20,000 and 50,000. Many are effectively educated and battle hardened, and have fought within the Syrian civil warfare.

Hamas, by comparability, has an estimated 30,000 fighters, in line with Israel.

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